According to International Organization for Migration, it is estimated there are more than 280 million international migrants in the world.
Governments should not monopolize international engagement. While still a core component of international relations, state-to-state diplomacy has evolved into a multi-actor and multi-level phenomenon.
Today diasporas must be more active in international affairs.
The current global governance discourse is very much about legitimacy and the inclusion of new actors in international relations.
Legitimate state structures today require inclusive processes for non-state actors and must foster mechanisms for accountability, viewing migrants as rights-holders.
Among diplomatic actors, the Institute considers diaspora communities as legitimate and democratic players.
The key features of our diaspora diplomacy model are that:
it originates in the public sphere,
it is performed by non-state actors and serves the social interest.
Public diplomats are comprised of persons working in the interest of the citizens but operating outside of the governmental and for-profit sectors.
Public diplomats who are participating—the reach—are no indication for the depth of participation.
The depth of participation concerns the question: In which way do stakeholders participate, to which extent, in which shape and role?
Diaspora communities represent an essential third-party mediation actor in conflict settings. With a gradually growing size and strength, they have become influential actors on the domestic and international fronts, able to play the peacemaker and the peace-breaker roles. This panel focuses on their positive role in the different phases of conflict: pre-conflict, hot conflict, peace-making democratisation, and post-conflict reconstruction.
We work with diasporas to help them achieve their goals through public diplomacy.
Diaspora networks are an important source of:
finance for investment.
Public diplomats must engage with diaspora networks and collaborate with government agencies working on diaspora issues.
Forms of engagement in Diaspora Diplomacy.
What are the forms of engagement by which diaspora members enact their role as public diplomats?
Diaspora diplomacy is manifested through three types of modes of engagement: mediation, representation and advocacy.
Engagement Strategy: Set vision and level of ambition for future engagement.
Stakeholder Mapping: Define criteria for identifying and prioritizing stakeholders, and select engagement mechanisms.
Preparation: Focus on long-term goals to drive the approach, determine logistics for the engagement, and set the rules.
Engagement: Conduct the engagement itself, ensuring equitable stakeholder contribution focused on priorities.
Action Plan: Identify opportunities from feedback and determine actions, revisit goals, and plan next steps for follow-up and future engagement.
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